Most of us would agree that organic foods are beneficial to our daily diet, however, the cost of organic fruits and vegetables can be expensive. Gardening can provide a family with organic produce for significantly less money than they would spend in the grocery store.
The main reason many people give up on organic gardening is that they find it difficult to fertilize and treat their garden without chemicals. It’s easy to pick up a bottle of fertilizer from the local home care center. However, the chemicals in many of those fertilizers may have an impact on your health in the future. These fertilizers may reduce the level of nutrients in the food you eat.
If you plan on using commercial fertilizers, you have to read the labels carefully. Organic products are labeled. You need to see the words organic. Natural products are not the same as organic because natural products may still contain some synthetic chemicals.
The best way to get organic fertilizers is from natural sources. When using organic gardening techniques, it’s best to use materials as close to nature as possible. Here are some common natural fertilizers that you can use in your garden:
You can buy compost at most garden or home centers. However, the best source of compost in your own home. Create a compost pile and add scraps of fruits and vegetables. Your main task is to collect the peeling of vegetables and fruit from your kitchen and turning the material over, into the soil. There are compost containers, which can make this process easier and can create compost faster. As the material breaks down, it turns into nutrient-rich soil.
Manure is waste from herbivores such as cows, horses, chickens and rabbits. Never use waste from omnivores, carnivores or humans. You can purchase manure from a home and garden center or from a local farm. If you raise herbivores than you can gather the material yourself. The manure is usually mixed with alfalfa or hay and composted. Do not use fresh manure on plants, because it can kill them.
Manure or Compost Tea
This tea is created by steeping the compost or manure in water. Strain the liquid and use it when watering plants. This is a nutrient-rich liquid that can help your plants grow.
Fish and Kelp Fertilizers
Fish and seaweed (or kelp), can help add nutrients to the soil. You can purchase this in powder form or as a liquid. Both are usually concentrated and need to be mixed with water before adding it to the plant. Some fish fertilizers work best when applied to the leaves in a spray. Read the directions carefully so that you know the proper way to apply the product.
Vermicompost or Earthworm Casting
Most people know that worms are good for the garden. They loosen the soil, and their waste is a good fertilizer. Earthworm casting (waste) can be added to the soil for additional nutrients. You can purchase worm castings, or you can set up a vermicomposting system. Vermicomposting is worm farming. You grow the worms, and they produce the waste to use in your garden. With these basic fertilizers, you can begin to grow your food organically.