The concept of hydroponics refers to the ability to cultivate various types of plants without the use of soil. This type of planting has become extremely popular now as it contributes to environmentally friendly garden designing, and by utilizing the correct type of hydroponics systems, one is able to cultivate plants effectively without damage to the environment.
There are many types of hydroponic systems; however, there are only three primary types which are used to create different types of plants. This article will provide information on these various systems: (1) the ebb and flow system; (2) the wick systems; (3) the water culture systems.
- The Ebb and Flow Hydroponic Systems
The ebb and flow hydroponic system is also known as the flood and drain system. It is a system based on media and involves the filling of planting trays with moisture-retaining materials, such as grow rocks or coconut fiber. One advantage of this type of system is its simplicity and suitability to a variety of plants. It is also effective for ornamental planting, including flowers and potted plants. A disadvantage of the ebb and flow system is that it requires electricity and can be expensive. If one is working on a budget, it is recommended that another type of system be used.
- The Wick Hydroponic System
The second hydroponic system option is that of the wick system. This system is also media-based; however, unlike the Ebb and Flow system, the wick option does not require electricity and is passive instead of active. The wick hydroponic system utilizes a nutrient-rich solution which is transported up the wick to the plant roots. One advantage of this system is the simplicity of the planting. Unfortunately, it is only suitable for smaller planting needs as the transportation of nutrient-rich solution is not speedy and will not meet the needs of a large garden.
- The Water Culture Hydroponic System
The third and final hydroponic system is that of the water culture or rate gardening system. This system involves the suspension of plants on a Styrofoam platform. The platform is placed on nutrient-rich water which allows the roots to dangle in the solution. In order to increase the flow of oxygen, the water culture system presents with an air pump. One advantage of this design is its simplicity. It is also a less expensive hydroponic system that is effective in growing plants that require a large amount of water. Unfortunately, the presence of large amounts of water does not make this system suitable for plants that do not require large saturation.
Final Words about Hydroponic Systems
The hydroponic plant growth system is a highly popular one due to its eco-efficiency. All of the aforementioned systems can be built at home independently and at a cheap cost. Of course, the style of the systems means each system is suited to certain types of plants. In order to locate the most effective for one’s planting needs it is necessary to complete research into the growth needs of the plant.